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Heritage Conservation in Draft Hilltops LEP

The Draft Hilltops LEP is proposing to identify, protect and conserve local places of heritage significance. 

It is proposed to list local heritage items and heritage conservation areas for inclusion in a consolidated Local Heritage Register. In the LEP, this is known as Schedule 5 ‘Environmental Heritage’.

Council has undertaken a Hilltops Heritage Review Study 2019 to review the exiting listing registers and previously identified local heritage items of the former Boorowa, Harden and Young Shires. The Heritage Review Study from Community Based Heritage Studies or other Studies

These studies can be found in the Downloads.

The Heritage Review Study Recommended for the Draft Hilltops LEP Schedule 5:

Listing 298 individual heritage items in the proposed Schedule 5 ‘Environmental Heritage’ in the draft Hilltops LEP. The majority of new items included are 112 items added from the Boorowa Community Heritage Study, which had not been adopted as a part of the Boorowa LEP.

Add thirteen (13) previously identified heritage items which were not recorded in previous LEPs to be included in Schedule 5 of the draft Hilltops LEP.

Remove 54 items from existing Schedules from Young LEP or Harden LEP to not be included in the draft Hilltops LEP for specific reasons.

List six (6) Heritage Conservation Areas (HCAs) in the amalgamated Schedule 5 of the new Hilltops LEP. HCAs in Boorowa, Galong, Harden, Murrumburrah to compliment the existing Young HCA

Heritage Item


New South Wales has two main types of heritage listings known as heritage items and conservation areas. Heritage listings flag that a place or object has heritage significance.

Each of the former Councils had identified and developed an inventory of items of
heritage significance. Existing inventories showed:

  • The former Young Shire had identified 174 items through Community-Based Heritage Study carried out in 2008;
  • The former Harden Shire inventory contains 261 items, identified through a 2009 heritage study carried out by heritage architects; and
  • The former Boorowa Council has an inventory of 122 items, identified through a Community-Based Heritage Study conducted in 2014.

Proposed New Items

The majority of new items included are 112 items added from the Boorowa Community Based Heritage Study 2015, which had not been adopted as a part of the Boorowa LEP. They have now been propose to be included in the Hilltops LEP Schedule 5.

Hilltops Heritage Study 2019 proposed thirteen new items, not previously recorded, for inclusion in a Schedule 5 to new Hilltops LEP. The porposed additional items, their location, thematic relevance and statement of significance has been set out in the table below.

Additional Items from Existing Inventories or Existing Thematic Histories

Item Location Address
Collingwood machine shearing shed Beggan Beggan 237 Cullinga Mines Road
Collingwood blade shearing shed Beggan Beggan 237 Cullinga Mines Road
Louvain shearer’s quarters Boorowa 462 Murringo Road
Lower Coolegong shearing shed Bulla Creek Jerrybang Lane
Cooyong Schoolhouse Crowther 33 Wilkinsons Road
Crowther Creek Run store Crowther 33 Wilkinsons Road
Crowther Post office (former) Crowther 147 Reids Road
Crowther Creek shearing shed Crowther 147 Reids Road
Old butcher shop Jugiong 6 Riverside Drive
Water filtration plant (original only) Jugiong Waterworks Road
The Calabash shearing shed complex Murringo
Everton homestead group Rye Park 5316 Dalton Road
Quinn’s Welcome Inn stables Young 758 Henry Lawson Way

You can find more information about Additional Items added to the Hilltops Schedule 5 included Statements of Significance in Attachment G – Planning Proposal Report: Hilltops Heritage Review 2019

Additionally, associated locations of heritage items and conservation areas can be found at Online Mapping Viewer.

Proposed Heritage Item Removals

Hilltops Heritage Review Study 2019 conducted a gap analysis to review existing inventories of Heritage Items. The study identified 54 items that were considered able to be removed from existing Schedules to LEPs. Those items are proposed for removal on a number of grounds, however their location within proposed Heritage Conservation Areas is a common reason.

Other items were found to be over-represented, poor examples of a theme, in poor condition such that their significance was diminished, or a duplication of State (or State Agency) listings. The largest number of items is proposed for removal from the former Harden LEP; in many of those instances, the significance of the items was not originally identified, the item was included for its construction materials only, or was originally included as a ‘ruin’. As a general rule, building ruins have largely lost their significance and unless specifically identified as an archaeological item, are not included as individual items.

Further information for the details of the items proposed for removal from existing LEP schedules is provided in Hilltops Heritage Review Study 2019. Click here to access the report: Report: Hilltops Heritage Review 2019

Proposed Heritage Conservation Areas

Heritage Conservation Areas are defined and mapped areas that are recognised for a cohesive and coherent set of elements that create the area’s character. Those defining elements can be a common history, similarity in built form, landscaping or other shared feature, but will generally have a strong focus on aesthetic appeal and appearance.

Whether a place is included in an LEP as an individual item, as an item in an HCA, or even as an individual item within an HCA depends of a full assessment of the place’s significance.

That assessment considers the historical, historical association, social, aesthetic/technical, research, rarity and representative qualities of a place, along with a professional judgement about how best to manage its heritage values.

Heritage Conservation Area- Boorowa Marsden Street




Boorowa – Marsden Street

Marsden Street between the Boorowa War Memorial in the north and Queen Street in the south and along Pudman Street from Market Street in the east and the lane running parallel to, and between Scott and Marsden Streets.

This area is dominated by early to mid 20th century, generally single storey, commercial buildings, many of which retain original frontages and shop windows.

Consistent street tree planting and street furniture add to the overall cohesive and attractive appearance of the area.

Heritage Conservation Area- Boorowa Brial and Court Streets




Boorowa – Brial and Court Streets

Covering the intersection of Brial and Court Streets and the section of Court Street to No’s 57 and 54 Court Street to the south.

This area represents Boorowa’s original commercial area. The buildings are generally older, with most dating from the late 19th century.

There is a stronger two storey element and a broadly more ‘industrial’ feel influenced by the presence of the railway terminus in Court Street.

 Harden Murrumburrah Heritage Conservation Areas

Location Boundaries Characteristics
Harden – Neill and Station Streets

An area covering Neil Street and Station Streets, from Stair Street in the west, Clarke Lane and Whitton lane in the north and the rear lot boundaries of the buildings facing Station Street in the east.

The southern boundary is the laneway between Albury Street and Neil Street along to the western end of Whitton Street, turning down to Albury Street.

This is the main commercial, social and services area of Harden. Two storey buildings generally reflect its 1880s establishment period, while the single-storey retail buildings in the eastern area present some exceptional early 20th century retail buildings. Many retain high levels of integrity.

Consistent street tree planting and street furniture add to the overall attractive appearance of the area.

Heritage Conservation Area- Harden Neill and Station Street

Location Boundaries Characteristics
Murrumburrah – Albury Street

Albury Street from West Street in the west to the eastern boundary of properties on the western side of Murrimboola Creek.

The northern boundary is the land between Albury Street and Neill Streets and Neill Street at the rear of the former mill. The southern boundary is the laneway that runs parallel to Albury Street.

This part of Murrumburrah is the business centre of the original town, and its buildings are generally of mid-late 19th century design and of two storeys.

A number of particularly fine early 20th century buildings and the former mill structure create visual focus int eh area. The integrity of many landmark buildings has been compromised by

wholesale verandah demolition and remedying this should be a primary goal for the HCA.

Galong Heritage Conservation Area

Location Boundaries Characteristics
Galong Centred around McMahon Street but including parts of the broader village. The northern boundary is part of Linden Road and part of Hill Street leading to the western boundary which is the laneway between High and Harden Streets. At its southern end, it takes in the Royal Hotel and all of McMahon Street.

The whole of Galong village has experienced little development from the mid 20th century and it reflects an almost completely intact 1920s/1930s village.

The proposed HCA is the heart of that village and captures the village sense and feel, including the local shops, community hall and a church all built around the same time.

Existing Young Heritage Conservation Area

Location Boundaries Characteristics
Young – Boorowa Street Boorowa Street, covering the business district between Lovell Street in the north,
Cloete Street in the south,
Zouch Street to the east and
Clarke Street in the west.

This area is dominated by early to mid 20th century, generally single storey, commercial buildings, many of which retain original frontages and shop windows.

Consistent street tree planting and street furniture add to the overall cohesive and attractive appearance of the area.

You can find more information about  Heritage Conservation Areas included in the Hilltops Schedule 5 included Statements of Significance in Attachment G – Planning Proposal Report: Hilltops Heritage Review 2019.

Merits of Heritage Conservation Areas

Providing a level of flexibility.

– Generally, development within an HCA must show consistency with the defined character, rather than managing impact on specified significance of an individually listed item. Exempt and complying development are not precluded in HCAs.

Supporting a coordinated approach to promoting a place.

The main street of Boorowa, for example, has a clear set of characteristics, including the street planting, that gives it a recognisable tourism appeal. They are also clearly identified areas where Council can work with owners on a common basis to achieve streetscape or other outcomes.

Supporting funding opportunities.

Various NSW heritage and small business grant programs, provide funding for areas (not individual items), where commonly agreed heritage and/or economic development outcomes can be achieved. Those outcomes can be physical, such as building repairs, or measures such as tourism promotion that takes a shared approach to the area.

Enabling clear standards to be set for building owners.

Development control plans, for example, can identify appropriate colour schemes, window treatments or the like that owners can expect to use without needing heritage assessment or approval. (The application of LEP controls is discussed later in this paper).

Not precluding individual listing.

There are, for example, a number of buildings of individual significance in the existing Young HCA, such as the Millard Centre, that have significance warranting individual listing. 

Benefits of Heritage Listing

Adaptive Re-Use of Heritage Items

The heritage provisions of the LEP also offer ‘incentives’ – more commonly referred to as ‘adaptive re-use’.

These provisions allow for development that may otherwise be prohibited, to be permissible (with development consent), where the development can be shown to support, maintain and/or promote the identified heritage values of a place.

There is nothing in the LEP that prevents these ‘adaptive re-use’ provisions from applying to a place in a heritage conservation area.

It is common practice for clear guidelines on heritage places and conservation areas to be included in DCPs, addressing matters such as external finishes and colours, setbacks, shopfronts, landscaping, replacement of building elements and the like.

This would provide both Council staff and the public with clarity about relevant standards or approaches that can be taken in heritage conservation areas.

Availability of Grant Funding Information

Heritage NSW – Heritage Listing Explained

Heritage NSW – Grants

Heritage NSW – Benefits of Heritage Listing

Boorowa Heritage